Episode Reading List Supplement Recommended Podcasts for Further Learning
1. The Liberal Arts
  • Cowan, Louise. “The Necessity of the Classics.” The Intercollegiate Review, 2001. [Download]
  • Murray, Charles A. Real education: four simple truths for bringing America’s schools back to reality. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2008.
2. Western Civilization and the Dialectic
  • Hutchins, Robert Maynard. The  Great Conversation. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1952. [Download]
3. Primer on Logic
  • Kreeft, Peter, and Trent Dougherty. Socratic Logic. 3rd ed. South Bend: St. Augustine Press, 2008.

Created by Jesse Richardson, Andy Smith, and Som Meaden. Provided under Creative Commons License88x31

Critical Reasoning: A Romp Through the Foothills of Logic by Marianne Talbot
3.1 C&C – Rhetoric
  • Corbett, Edward P. J., and Robert J. Connors. Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Joseph, Miriam. The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric. Reprint. Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002.
  • Orwell, George. “Politics and the English Language.” 1946. [Download]
4. History and Historiography
  • Foner, Eric. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2010.
5. Paleolithic Man
6. The Neolithic Revolution and Climate Change
  • Milankovitch Cycles Illustration [Download]
7. Mythistory and Comparative Mythology
  • Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces, 3rd ed. Novato, CA: New World Library, 2008.
  • Frazer, James G. “The Golden Bough.” 1922. [Full Text Online]
  • Tolkien, J.R.R. “On Fairy Stories.” 1947. [Download]
  • Jung’s Archetypes Handout [Download]
7.1 C&C – Four River Valleys and Civilization
  •  Childe, Gordon. “The Urban Revolution.” 1950. [Download]
8. Ancient China: Xia to Han
  •  Keay, John. China: A History. New York: Basic Books, 2011.
The China History Podcast by Laszlo Montgomery
9. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism
  •  Leys, Simon, and Confucius. The Analects of Confucius. New York: W.W. Norton, 1997.
  • Lao Tzu. Tao Te Ching. London: Penguin Books, 2000.
  • Sun Tzu. The Art of War. ca. 512 B.C. [Full Text Online]
10. Indus, Aryans, and India
  •  Bryant, Edwin F. The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: the Indo-Aryan Migration Debate. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • Mukherjee, B.N. (1998) “The Unsolved Aryan Problem.” Indilogica Taurinensia, 23: 70-80. [Download]
  • Indo-European Language Tree [Download] (Created by Jack Lynch, Rutgers University)
11. Hinduism, its Literature, and Intro to Religion
  • Concepts of God in Religious Studies [Download]
  • The Brahman in Hinduism [Download]
12. Buddhism
  • Hesse, Hermann. Siddhartha. New York: B&N Classics, 2007.
13. Introduction to Egypt
  •  Shelley, Percy Bysshe. Ozymandias. [Text & Analysis]
  • The Egyptian Book of the Dead. [Full Text Online]
  • Allen, James P. Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
The History of Egypt Podcast by Dominic Perry
13.1 C&C – Memorial Day Update
14. Mesopotamia: Sumerians to Chaldeans
  •  Kramer, Samuel Noah. History Begins at Sumer: Thirty-Nine Firsts in Man’s Recorded History. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.
15. The Epic of Gilgamesh
16. The Ancient Hebrews & Monotheism
  • Review Article concerning the origins of Hebrew Monotheism, Henotheism, &c. [Download]
  • Online Article concerning the historicity of the Hebrews in Egypt [Free Text Online]
  • Ur, Abraham’s Hometown! [Wikipedia]
17. The Book of Job and The Problem of Evil
  • The Book of Job, New Revised Standard Version. [Full Text Online]
  • Alvin Plantinga’s “Standard Interpretation” of The Book of Job, from: Plantinga, Alvin. “14. Suffering and Evil.” Warranted Christian Belief. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. 494-498. [Full Text Online]
  • Miles, Jack. God: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.
  • Keller, Timothy. “Chapter 14. Praying.” Walking with God Through Pain and Suffering. New York: Dutton, Penguin Groups USA, 2003.
  • Lewis, C.S. The Problem of Pain. London: Centenary Press, 1940.
  • Lewis, C.S. A Grief Observed. New York: Harper & Row, 1961
  • Chesterton, G.K. “Introduction to the Book of Job.” [Full Essay Online]
18. Tour of the Hebrew Bible
18.1 C&C – Fourth of July Update
19. Minoans & Mycenaeans
  •  “The Minoan-Mycenaean World” (subsection from Chapter 5) and “The Beginnings of Greek Civilization” (Chapter 9) in Chester G. Starr’s A History of the Ancient World.
20. Homer and the Epic
  •  Mitchell, Stephen. Homer’s Iliad. New York: Atria Books, 2012. (Read Samuel Butler’s free translation online, here.)
  • Deaths in the Iliad, a funny Infographic from GreekMythComix [Link]

Scholarly Journal Articles:

  • Levin, Saul. “Love and the Hero of the Iliad.” Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, 80 (1949): 37-49. [Download]
  • Moulton, Carroll. “Similes the Iliad.” Hermes, 102 (1974): 381-397. [Download]
  • Clark, Matthew. “The Concept of Plot and the Plot of the Iliad.” Phoenix, 55 (2001): 1-8. [Download]
Trojan War: The Podcast by Jeff Wright
21. Greek Mythology and The Odyssey
  •  Hamilton, Edith. Mythology: Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes. New York: Grand Central Pub., 2011.
  • Bullfinch’s Mythology [Full Text Online]
  • Hesiod’s Theogeny and Works and Days [Full Text Online]
  • The Odes of Pindar [Full Text Online]
  • Mensa Foundations’s “Guide to Greek Gods and Goddesses” [Download]
  • Guide to Greek Mythology, courtesy of Landmark Christian School, Georgia [Download]
  • Geoghegan, Vincent. “Pandora’s Box: Reflections on a Myth.” Critical Horizons: A Journal of Philosophy and Social Theory, 9(1), (May 2008): 24-41. [Download]
22. Greek Warfare
23. Polis, Politics, and Persians
  • Diagram explaining the Athenian Government / Constitution
  • Diagram explaining the Spartan Government / Constitution
  • Map of the Persian Empire, with satrapies and major battles.
  • Hartog, Francois. “The City and the Democratic Ideal.” History Today, 44(2), (1994): [Full Text Online]
The History of Ancient Greece Podcast by Ryan Stitt
24. The Persian War
24.1 C&C – Cyrus, Cambyses, and Persia
25. Greek Drama & Aristotle’s Poetics Greek Tragedies and Comedies (see Volume 5 of The Great Books series):

  • Chart: Tragedies and Comedies Compared [PDF Download] – created by Dr. L. Kip Wheeler, Carson-Newman College.
  • Photo: Epidaurus Theater (designed ca. 400 B.C.) [Download] – a good example of a large, outdoor theater carved into the mountainside.
26. Introduction to Western Philosophy
  • “What Counts as Progress in Philosophy” (Chapter 1) in Antony Flew’s An Introduction to Western Philosophy.
  • Will’s Timeline of Western Philosophy
The History of Philosophy (Without Any Gaps) by Peter Adamson!
27. Pre-Socratic Philosophers: The Ionians
28. Pre-Socratic Philosophers: Italian Rationalists
  • Lynds, Peter. “Zeno’s Paradoxes: A Timely Solution.” (2003) [Preprint/Unpublished] – University of Pittsburgh Phil-Sci Archive
  • Kahn. “The Greek Verb ‘To Be’ and the Concept of Being.” Foundations of Language, 2(3) (1966): 245-65. [Download]
  • “Tortoise vs. Hare” Paradox Web App, adopted from Zeno’s “Tortoise and Achilles”
28.1 C&C – Parmenides, Xenophanes
  •  Parmenides. The Poem of Parmenides, or “On Nature.” ca. 450 B.C. Trans., John Burnett, 1892. [Full Text Online]
29. Pre-Socratic Philosophers: Atomists and Pluralists
30. The Sophists, Skepticism, and Relativism
31. Socrates
  • “Socrates and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Pathographic Diagnosis 2,400 Years Later.” Epilepsia, 47(3) (2006): 652-654. [Download]
32. Plato: Biography and Introduction
33. Plato’s Metaphysics: The Theory of Forms
34. Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
35. Plato’s Epistemology and Religion
35.1 C&C – Mail, Shout-Outs, and More
36. The Peloponnesian War: Sparta & Thucydides
  • Thucydides. The History of the Peloponnesian War. 431 B.C. Trans., Richard Crawley. [Full Text Online]
37. The Peloponnesian War: Lessons Learned
  • Kagan, Donald. The Peloponnesian War. New York: Penguin Books, 2004.
  • Xenophon. The Anabasis, or The March of the Ten Thousand. ca. 470 B.C. Trans., Carleton L. Brownson. [Full Text Online]
  • Donald Kagan’s interview with Yale’s The Politic magazine, on “The Peloponnesian War and American Democracy.” [Read Online]
  • Journal article: Rhodes, P.J. “Thucydides on the Causes of the Peloponnesian War.” Hermes, 115 (1987): 154-65. [Download]
  • Recipe for Dinuguan, a Filipino pork blood stew that is believed to resemble the “black gruel” of the ancient Spartans!
38. Alexander the Great
  • Arrian of Nicomedia. The Anabasis of Alexander. A.D. 2nd century. Trans., E. J. Chinnock. [Full Text Online]
  • Plutarch. The Life of Alexander. A.D. 75. Trans., John Dryden. [Full Text Online]
  • Video: Shakespeare’s Hamlet (1996, Kenneth Branagh) – Act 5, Scene 1 – Discussion of Alexander starts at 2:10. [YouTube]
  • Video: The Battle of Chaeronea. [YouTube]
  • The Corinthian League Oath…note Alexander’s correspondence with the league, where he describes himself as “King of the Hellenes, except the Lacedaemonians (i.e., the Spartans).”
  • Video: The Battle of Issus. [YouTube]
  • Here’s a map showing Alexander’s marches throughout Asia.
  • Here’s a map showing the breakup of Alexander’s empire into the kingdom’s of his successors, the Diadochi.
  • Just For fun: Lascaratos, J., et al. “The Ophthalmic Wound of Philip II of Macedonia (360-336 BCE).” Survey of Ophthalmology, 49 (2004): 256-61. [Download]
A History Of: Alexander Remastered by Jamie Redfern
39. Introduction to Aristotle
  • Aristotle. The Categories. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., E. M. Edghill. [Full Text Online]
  • Aristotle. On Interpretation. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., E. M. Edghill. [Full Text Online]
  • Aristotle. On Physics. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., R. P. Hardie and R. K. Gaye. [Full Text Online]
  • Aristotle. On Metaphysics. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., W. D. Ross. [Full Text Online]
  • Aristotle. The History of Animals. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., Darcy Wentworth Thompson. [Full Text Online]
  • Table illustrating Aristotle’s doctrines of category, change, and cause.
  • Phylogenetic tree representing Aristotle’s taxonomy for animals.
40. Aristotle on Forms and Knowledge
  • Aristotle. Prior Analytics. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., A. A. Jenkinson. [Full Text Online]
  • Aristotle. Posterior Analytics. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., G. R. G. Mure. [Full Text Online]
  • Aristotle. De Anima, or “On the Soul”. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., J. A. Smith. [Full Text Online]
  • Aristotle. On Generation and Corruption. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., H. H. Joachim. [Full Text Online]
41. Aristotle on God, Cosmology, and Ethics
  • Aristotle. On The Heavens. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., J. L. Stocks. [Full Text Online]
  • Aristotle. The Nicomachean Ethics. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., W. D. Ross. [Full Text Online]
42. Origins of Political & Economic Thought, Part 1
  • Plato. Republic, Book I. ca. 360 B.C. Trans., Benjamin Jowett. [Full Text Online]
43. Origins of Political & Economic Thought, Part 2
  • Aristotle. Politics. ca. 350 B.C. Trans., Benjamin Jowett. [Full Text Online]
  • Raven and French’s “Five Forms of Power” diagram.
44. Hellenistic Philosophy  Epicureanism:

  • Lucretius. De Rerum Natura. ca. 50 B.C. Trans., William Ellery Leonard. [Full Text Online]


44.1 C&C – New Microphone – Shout Outs
  • Letters from Pliny the Younger to Emperor Trajan regarding persecution of Christians.
45. Introduction to Rome
  • Livy. The History of Rome, or “Ab Urbe Condita Libri,” Books I & II. ca. 25 B.C., Trans., Rev. Canon Roberts. [Full Text Online]
The History of Rome by Mike Duncan
46. Roman Government
47. Roman Patronage, Warfare, and Virtues
  • Plutarch. Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans: Cato the Elder. ca. A.D. 90. [Full Text Online]
  • _____. Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans: Camillus. ca. A.D. 90. [Full Text Online]  (The Gauls discover wine!)
  • YouTube video on Roman manipular battle tactics!
  • Watch the first scene from Francis Ford Coppola’s “The Godfather”!
  • Check out Mark Clark‘s album “Sing Along to History,” which includes the song you heard on the podcast: “Ancient Rome.”
48. Roman Expansion to the Punic Wars
  • Dodge, Theodore. Hannibal: A History of the Art of War Among the Carthaginians. New York: Houghton, Mifflin, and Company, 1891. [Full Text Online]
  • Polybius. The Histories, Book III. ca. 146 B.C. Trans., Evelyn S. Shuckburgh. [Full Text Online]
49. Syracuse, the Third Punic War, and Aftermath
50. The Last Days of the Roman Republic, Part 1
51. The Last Days of the Republic, Part 2
52. The Last Days of the Republic, Part 3
53. Virgil’s Aeneid
  • Kate Hovey’s comparison chart of Greek vs. Roman gods and goddesses. (Printer friendly!)
  • Tami Krueger’s article on meter in poetry.